What Does the Bible Say About the Sabbath?


Recently I have had several people email me questions about the Sabbath. Should we keep the Sabbath? If so, how should we observe it today? Should we worship on the Sabbath? Is it alright to miss a day of worship? Should we refuse to work on the Sabbath? On what day should the Sabbath be kept?

These are just some of the questions that I have received. I decided to post my answers in this article. I am basically doing a copy / paste of the answers that I gave in my emails (with all personal information removed of course) so this article might be a little less formal than some of the others. I hope that the information is still beneficial!

The Sabbath was originally kept on Saturdays, but the very early Christians began to worship on Sundays (Acts 20:7, 1 Cor. 16:2, Rev. 1:10). They probably did this because it is the day that Jesus rose from the dead (Mat. 28:1).

I am not aware of a Scripture that says that worship should only happen on the Sabbath, or even that the Sabbath was intended by God to be a day of worship. Jews and Christians did worship on the  Sabbath, but the only commandment from God was that it would be a day of rest. The Sabbath was intended as a day of rest (Ex. 20:9).

Regardless of whether God commanded worship to happen on the Sabbath, there is no rule against worshiping on any other day. Why would God want His children to worship Him on just one day of the week? To say that a person *can’t* worship on any other day but the Sabbath is just human tradition!

The Sabbath was intended as a day of rest. It was also included in the 10 Commandments, and the 10 Commandments are considered by most Christians (including myself) as being morally binding even today. So should we observe the Sabbath?  Yes, I think we should. But why should we observe the Sabbath, and how should we do it? Should it be a burden? Absolutely not!

See, Jesus made it clear that the Sabbath was created for man. God  knows that humans need rest, and He created the Sabbath for that  reason. Humans messed it up when they created so many rules about the Sabbath that it caused the Sabbath to become the exact opposite of what God intended (Mat. 12:1-14)!

At this point it might be beneficial to quote Matthew 12:1-14, then make a couple of observations:

"At that time Jesus went through the grainfields on the Sabbath, and His disciples became hungry and began to pick the heads of grain and eat. But when the Pharisees saw this, they said to Him, “Look, Your disciples do what is not lawful to do on a Sabbath.” But He said to them, “Have you not read what David did when he became hungry, he and his companions, how he entered the house of God, and they ate the consecrated bread, which was not lawful for him to eat nor for those with him, but for the priests alone? “Or have you not read in the Law, that on the Sabbath the priests in the temple break the Sabbath and are innocent? “But I say to you that something greater than the temple is here. “But if you had known what this means, ‘I desire compassion, and not a sacrifice,’ you would not have condemned the innocent. “For the Son of Man is Lord of the Sabbath.”

Departing from there, He went into their synagogue. And a man was there whose hand was withered. And they questioned Jesus, asking, “Is it lawful to heal on the Sabbath?”—so that they might accuse Him. And He said to them, “What man is there among you who has a sheep, and if it falls into a pit on the Sabbath, will he not take hold of it and lift it out? “How much more valuable then is a man than a sheep! So then, it is lawful to do good on the Sabbath.” Then He said to the man, “Stretch out your hand!” He stretched it out, and it was restored to normal, like the other. But the Pharisees went out and conspired against Him, as to how they might destroy Him. " (Matthew 12:1-14, NASB)

Now, some observations about this passage:

  1. Jesus’ disciples picked grain on the Sabbath. They were hungry and needed to eat. Jesus approved that action.
  2. Jesus pointed out that the priests in the Temple work on the Sabbath, but they are innocent. I think this point has a direct correlation with our church services today. The people who "work" in a church often find the "Sabbath" the most stressful day of the week! In that case, I think it’s good that those people who "work" in the church be given a day in the week to rest.
  3. Sometimes things have to be done on the Sabbath. If a sheep falls in a ditch, get it out. If your car breaks down and you have to fix it, get it fixed. If your boss demands that you work or be fired, then work. Sometimes exceptions have to be made. That’s not my opinion, that’s Jesus! (Mat. 12:11-13)

So what should we take from all of this? Well, my personal conclusion is that each person should try to have a day of rest in the week. I don’t think it has to be a Saturday or a Sunday. I also think that
"rest" can mean different things to different people. Hiking a difficult mountain might be relaxing for one person but hard work for another. Cleaning the house might be relaxing for some people and work for others. For example, my girlfriend finds cleaning very relaxing. I find playing a computer game or going hiking very relaxing. The definition of “rest” is very dependent on a person’s personality.

The core issue of the Sabbath is rest. Humans need a day of rest. And, as always, Jesus says it best:

"The Sabbath was made for man, and not man for the Sabbath" (Mark 2:27).

With that said, there is still one question that needs to be answered: Is it alright to “miss church”?

The answer to this question is that the Bible does not say “thou shalt attend every church service.” The first Christians met for worship every day (Acts 2:41-47; Acts 5:1-11). Sometime after that  they began to meet on Sundays. But there is no Scripture that says a  person has to go to church every single time the doors are open. However, the  Bible does say that we should fellowship with fellow believers (Heb.  10:24), but that is only part of the command. The full passage says:

"Let us hold fast the confession of our hope without wavering, for He who promised is faithful; and let us consider how to stimulate one  another to love and good deeds, not forsaking our own assembling  together, as is the habit of some, but encouraging one another; and all the more as you see the day drawing near." (Hebrews 10:23-25, NASB)

There are three things to note from the above passage:

  1. Fellowship is important, and it should not be ignored, but there is no "thou shalt go every Sunday from 10-12" (or whatever) command.
  2. The reason we are to assemble is to "stimulate one another to love and good deeds."
  3. (This is my personal opinion): If the church that a person is attending is not loving and/or doing good deeds–if church has become a burden, not a place of rest and spiritual edification—then  it might be time to pray about finding another church =). But that’s just my opinion =)

23 thoughts on “What Does the Bible Say About the Sabbath?

  1. D'Vorah

    I would like to begin with your Scripture quotes in Acts….One should always make sure that we get the subject, who, where, when.

    Acts 2:41-47

    Go back and get your subject, for instance in the 1st verse of Chapter 2 in Acts:

    Act 2:1 And when the Day of the “Festival of Weeks” had come, they were all with one mind in one place.

    This is not speaking of the weekly Sabbath, that you are alluding to, but to Shavuot (Feast of Weeks / Pentecost) is the Biblical harvest-festival celebrated 50 days after the Sunday which falls out during Passover [christians keep “easter” instead, how sad]. These fifty days are called the Counting of the Omer..

    As for Acts 5:1-11………..It is easy to see in the first instance, Peter spoke of Ananias as lying to the “Holy Spirit” and in the second he spoke of Ananias lying to the “Father”.

    There is a binding relationship between the true Believers and Israel even though both are distinct entities with diverse promises. Thanks to the Abrahamic, Davidic, and RE-Newed Covenants which the Father made with Israel, the blessings stemming from these feasts are no longer exclusive to the Jewish people alone but are extended to the Gentiles as well, for the Fathers unconditional covenant with Abraham promised that “In thy (Abraham’s) seed shall all nations be blessed” (Genesis 22:18).

    The term feasts in Hebrew literally means “appointed times.” The Father has carefully planned and orchestrated the timing and sequence of each of these seven feasts to reveal to us a special story. These feasts (often called “holy convocations”) are intended to be a time of meeting between our Father and man for “holy purposes.” Since these seven feasts of the Father are “appointed times” for “holy purposes,” they carry with them great sacredness and solemnity. They are HIS times HE has set to meet with HIS people!!

    There are a total number of seven feasts of the Fathers. Seven is the biblical number for completion. It is recorded in Genesis chapter one that the Father rested on the seventh day after creating the heavens and the earth, not due to fatigue but rather to emphasize completion and satisfaction. What HE created was “good” and “satisfying”; therefore nothing else was needed.

    To summarize, these seven feasts of the Fathers are HIS appointed times during which He will meet with us for holy purposes. When completed, these seven special Appointed Times will triumphantly bring and end to this age and usher in a glorious “Golden Age.”

    Only on the Fathers terms can men participate in them and enter into their benefits (Leviticus 23:4).

    You said “The answer to this question is that the Bible does not say “thou shalt attend every church service”

    While I read that the Sabbath was NEVER changed.

    The Ten Commandments can be found in Exodus 20:3-17. In the Sabbath commandment The Father has not only given us a command to keep the Sabbath day holy but has also told us how to keep it holy.

    This commandment is found in Exodus 20:8-11: “Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six days you shall labor, and do all your work: But the seventh day is the Sabbath of the Lord your God: in it you shall not do any work, you, nor your son, nor your daughter, your manservant, nor your maidservant, nor your cattle, nor the stranger that is within your gates: For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day, and hallowed it.”

    This commandment tells us that God’s Sabbath day is the seventh day of the week. God’s holy Sabbath day is Saturday. Sunday is the first day of the week.

    Many claim that since we are living in New Testament times the Old Testament no longer applies to us. There was no New Testament in existence when Second Timothy 3:16 was written: “All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness.” This verse specifically refers to the Old Testament, and it tells us that the Old Testament is just as much in force today as when it was written.

    Since the Sabbath commandment has been changed, can we find a Bible text that would document this change? As we search the Scriptures we run across Psalms 111:7-9. “The works of his hands are verity and judgment; all his commandments are sure. They stand fast for ever and ever, and are done in truth and uprightness. He sent redemption to his people: he has commanded his covenant for ever: holy and reverend is his name.”

    These verses seem to indicate that the Sabbath commandment should not have been changed. In fact, these verses tell us that all of the commandments will be in effect forever. As we continue our search we find Isaiah 66:22,23. These verses tell us that those who are saved from the earth will be keeping the Sabbath day, Saturday, holy throughout eternity, in the New Earth, which God has not yet created. “For as the new heavens and the new earth, which I will make, shall remain before me, says the Lord, so shall your seed and your name remain. And it shall come to pass, that from one new moon to another, and from one Sabbath to another, shall all flesh come to worship before me, says the Lord.”

    Don’t get discouraged about finding the verse that talks about a change in the Sabbath. It is definitely in the Bible, and we will read it shortly.

    Our search further takes us to Revelation 11:19, which seems to indicate that the Ten Commandments are preserved in heaven for all eternity. “And the temple of God was opened in heaven, and there was seen in his temple the ark of his testament.” Do you suppose that the Sabbath commandment has been deleted from the Ten Commandments in the Ark of the Covenant in heaven?

    As we search the scriptures for the verse that indicates that the Sabbath has been changed to Sunday, perhaps we can gain more insight into this change by considering what Jesus did when He was on earth. Luke 4:16 tells us that Jesus always kept the Sabbath day holy. “And he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up: and, as his custom was, he went into the synagogue on the Sabbath day, and stood up to read.” Jesus had a custom of keeping the Sabbath day holy.

    Of course, we all know that Jesus was our example as First Peter 2:21 says, “For this you were called: because Christ also suffered for us, leaving us an example, that you should follow his steps:” Since Jesus always kept the Sabbath day holy should we also keep the Sabbath day holy?

    Let us now go to that verse that tells us about a change in the day to be kept holy. The verse is Daniel 7:25. “And he shall speak great words against the most High, and shall wear out the saints of the most High, and think to change times and laws: and they shall be given into his hand until a time and times and the dividing of time.” Here we see that someone would attempt to change God’s times and God’s laws. This verse in the Catholic Douay translation says “. . . he shall think himself able to change times and laws.”

    Who is it that attempted to change God’s times and God’s laws? Notice that whoever it was also persecuted and killed God’s people — he “wore out the saints of the most High.”

    As further evidence that Saturday is God’s holy Sabbath day, let us ask the people who tried to change the day of worship which day is the Sabbath:

    Question: Which is the Sabbath day?

    Answer: Saturday is the Sabbath day.

    Question: Why do we observe Sunday instead of Saturday?

    Answer: We observe Sunday instead of Saturday because the Catholic Church transferred the solemnity from Saturday to Sunday. — Peter Geiermann, The Convert’s Catechism of Catholic Doctrine(1957 Ed.), p. 50.

    The Catholic Church for over one thousand years before the existence of a protestant, by virtue of her divine mission, changed the day from Saturday to Sunday. — Catholic Mirror, official organ of Cardinal Gibbons, Sept. 23, 1893.

    The observance of Sunday by the protestants is an homage they pay in spite of themselves to the authority of the [Catholic] Church. — Mgr. Louis Segur, Plain Talk About the Protestantism of Today, Boston: Patrick Donahoe, 1868, page 225.

    The Catholics have changed God’s law extensively. They deleted the second commandment so as to allow their practice of bowing down and worshiping their images. They gutted the Sabbath commandment, which is their third commandment, removing all the instruction that God gave as to how to keep the Sabbath day holy. They also removed the instruction that God’s Sabbath is the seventh day of the week. In order still to have ten commandments after removing the second, they divided the tenth and made it their ninth and tenth.

    By their own admission, in their own publications, which we have just read, the Catholic Church changed the day of worship from God’s holy Sabbath day, Saturday, to Sunday, the day on which the pagans worshiped their sun god.

    The next verse, Daniel 7:26, tells us that the papacy, the Catholic Church, will lose its power and will eventually be destroyed. “But the judgment shall sit, and they shall take away his dominion, to consume and to destroy it unto the end.”

    Who gave the papacy power and authority to change God’s laws? The papacy claims that God gave them this authority, but Revelation 13:2 tells us that “. . . the dragon gave him his power, and his seat, and great authority.” Revelation 12:9 tells us that the dragon is the devil. “And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, who deceives the whole world: he was cast out to the earth, and his angels were cast out with him.” Satan gave the papacy, the Catholic Church, the power and the great authority they have in this world.

    Chapter three will show conclusively that these verses in Daniel and Revelation are talking specifically about the papacy.

    Remember that Jesus warned in Matthew 7:15 that there would be many false priests and pastors who appear to be genuine but who speak lies and deception. “Beware of false prophets, who come to you in sheep’s clothing, but inwardly they are ravening wolves.” The test is the Bible. When anyone teaches something that is different from the Bible they are the false prophets Jesus is talking about. Isaiah 8:20 says, “. . . if they speak not according to this word, it is because there is no light in them.” Further we are told in First John 4:1 to test what pastors and ministers say by the Bible. If what they preach and teach disagrees with the Bible, they are the false prophets. “Beloved, believe not every spirit, but try [test] the spirits whether they are of God: because many false prophets are gone out into the world.”

    Don’t believe the lie that the Catholic Church was the first Christian church. Don’t believe the lie that Peter was the first pope. History shows us that the papacy did not appear on the scene until hundreds of years after Peter died.

    The Catholic religion, actually, differs greatly from God’s religion as found in the Bible.

    God has never changed His day of worship. He has never changed or annulled any of His Ten Commandment law. Can you imagine God ever repealing the first commandment that says, “You shall have no other gods before me?” Or the second that says that you shall not make or bow down to graven images? Or the third that says, “You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain?” Or the fifth that tells us to honor our fathers and mothers? Or the sixth that tells us not to kill? Or the seventh that tells us not to commit adultery? Or the eighth that tells us not to steal? Or the ninth that tells us not to lie? Or the tenth that tells us not to covet anything that is our neighbor’s?

    Then why should we even imagine that God has repealed the fourth commandment that says, “Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy?” Why would God annul the Sabbath commandment, the fourth commandment, and keep all the others? The answer, of course, is that He did not repeal the fourth commandment. None of the Ten Commandments was ever nailed to the cross. We have seen that all of God’s commandments will be in effect throughout all eternity.

    May it be for a blessing!

  2. solomon

    do not mislead us mathew 15:9 tell us that we pray in vain following mans commandments and as you GOD sabath is on saturday, then were is sun/day comming from if is not from man??

  3. Sony

    The sabbath at creation and in ten commandments is different compared to sabbath mentioned by moses, related to newmoon and other festivals. Its impossible to think that God find fault with His sabbath at creation, a day He blessed and made it Holy moreover, written with his own finger, the 10 commandments to “Remember”. If these commandments were nailed at cross as we all believe, there is no wrong in worshipping other gods, stealing, murdering, commetting adultary etc. If you teach me that the commandments of God were prohibited, then I’ll start doing all the things mentioned above. Please do not find fault in me, because its premitted according to christian belief.

  4. Mark

    Why would God create the Sabbath on a Saturday for to have it replaced by Man to a Sunday?. Why state the seventh day in the first place?.He wouldn’t. Why do Christians go on hear say, rather than find out for themselves?. Why do Christians, among MANY other things eat Pork and Shellfish amongst other foods, when the Bible states “Quite clearly”, it is forbidden, and for clear reasons. Google it and find out!.
    The day of rest is not a choice for Man. It’s God’s Commandment, not Mans. If the mainstream (Christianity) Churches can’t even get a simple straight forward Commandment (instruction) right. What can they get right.
    It will be there undoing, for I firmly believe that the Commandment will play a VERY important part in receiving the Mark of the Beast.

  5. Isaac

    Many Christians do not know that, there is no scriptural verse in the bible that commands or even supports the change of the Sabbath day from Sunday to Saturday. If anyone has found even one please share it with us. We worship on Sunday now because it was the Catholic church that decided that we should worship on Sunday-(NOT GOD). This is what the catholic catechism says:

    Q. What is the Third Commandment?
    A. The Third Commandment is: Remember that thou keep holy the Sabbath day.

    Q. Which is the Sabbath day?
    A. Saturday is the Sabbath day.

    Q. Why do we observe Sunday instead of Saturday?
    A. We observe Sunday instead of Saturday because the Catholic Church transferred the solemnity from Saturday to Sunday.

    Q. Why did the Catholic Church substitute Sunday for Saturday?
    A. The Church substituted Sunday for Saturday, because Christ rose from the dead on a Sunday and the Holy Ghost descended upon the Apostles on a Sunday.

    Q. By what authority did the church substitute Sunday for Saturday?
    A. The Church substituted Sunday for Saturday by the plenitude of that divine power which Jesus Christ bestowed upon her.

    Q. What does the Third Commandment command?
    A. The Third Commandment commands, us to sanctify Sunday as the Lord’s Day.

    God must be worshiped everyday of the week but he reminded the Israelites and His people to REMEMBER to worship Him, to Congregate, to acknowledge Him on His day-SATURDAY.

    If the Sabbath is not necessary, then why do we go to church anyway. Why should we not obey God and go on Saturday just like the Jews who we take a lot of our knowledge of God from do.

    Why is it so difficult to understand and accept what God has commanded?
    The answer is simple, If you pause to celebrate the Sabbath doing good, listening to the still small voice of God, the devil loses his grip on you, you become a complete child of God and so he engineered this confusion so you will not focus of what God has commanded.

    Please reflect quietly on this and let us take passions and emotions out of this.

    God wants us to obey Him and I am really afraid we will be held accountable for not worshiping him on the Sabbath just as he commanded.

  6. phillip

    Yea those scriptures you gave for the early church supposedly changed the Sabbath to Sunday makes no sense you need to read it again…the Sabbath is Saturday the last day of the week always was and always will be! This subject has been on my heart because i see todays Christian does not honor the Sabbath but by the help and grace of God i will from now on and not only that i will also pray before i eat! God bless

  7. Sam

    What I have learned over the past years of my life is that people are going to do what they desire to do no matter what! However the Sabbath of the Lord’s worship is and always will be on Saturday. The Lord Himself said that it should be a time of Holy Convocation (worship service). Also if one will go back and read the scripture in Matthew that the author posted about Jesus rising from the grave and study it they will see that Jesus had gotten out of the grave before the first day (sunday) fully came which means he rose on the Sabbath and not sunday. People also do not think that they have to keep God’s holy days instead they keep all the false holidays such as christmas and easter. The sad thing is some people will die not keeping the Sabbath, nor the rest of Yahweh’s commanded days and miss out of the happy eternal life that Yahweh promised all of His Children. For to many people call themselves His and yet fail to do what He commands!?!?!? Sad But True

  8. Bernadette R

    If you say that there is no certain day set aside then what does the dictionary say is the 7th day of the week and what day does it say is the first day of the week.
    Hebrews 4- talks about the Sabbath Rest for the people of God.
    Hebrews 4 vs 9-10: there remains, then, a Sabbath rest for the people of God; for anyone who enters God’s rest also rests from his own work, just as God did from his- if you read Genesis that’s what they are talking about God created the Heavens and the Earth in 6 days and on the 7th He rested.
    Before putting such statements online to lead people away from God’s word do some research. These are only 2 verse’s I have many many that speak about the Lord’s rest- the Holy Sabbath.

  9. Josh (Site Admin) Post author


    That’s a very interesting comment. You may want to review your facts though, especially as they relate to the connection between the 7 day cycle and lunation (the mean time for one lunar phase cycle). One lunation is slightly over 29 1/2 days, so the 7 day cycle is less than 1/4 of the lunation. The individual lunar phases can be +/- 15 hours, which means they could be slightly under 29 days or slightly over 30.

    What this means is that after just a few 7 day cycles the cycle would be out of sync with the lunar phases.

    In other words, the 7 day cycle’s relation to the lunar cycle wouldn’t be “a day out on rare occasions.” On the contrary, the two events would become completely separate after just a few observances.

    It’s also worth noting that the Jews were not the only ancient culture that followed a 7 day cycle. The Babylonians did it as well. I am not sure where the Babylonians got the idea, but it was not unique to the Jews.

    Also, you may want to note that Colossians 2:16-17, which you quoted in defense of sabbath observation, actually says the exact opposite. In that passage, Paul is saying that people should not be judged for NOT celebrating certain festivals or new moons or even the sabbath day. The passage immediately before it says that Christ abolished our legal debt (Col. 2:13-15). The passage concludes by saying to not let people with false humility and rules that have an appearance of wisdom distract you from salvation by faith in Christ.

    I do believe that a day of rest in each work week is the way God designed things, but I do not believe that we are obligated to make that day of rest happen on a Saturday (or Sunday). The New Covenant abolished that. Additionally, as I stated in my article, rest means different things to different people. I get my rest by staying in for a day by myself. Other people get their rest by going out and being around people. That’s just one reason why the Old Covenant’s view of the Sabbath didn’t work. Trying to obey the Sabbath became a burden in its own right. Sadly, that still happens all too often today by churches who demand their people spend 4 – 6 hours in church every Sunday or do nothing on a Saturday. When I was in the UPC I found Sundays extremely stressful. I grew to hate them because I was worn out by the end of the day. There was nothing restful about it to me.

    Finally, I must confess that I get tired of hearing the “is it too much to ask” argument. There are things that God asks of us, and we should do those things. But doing things that God does NOT ask does not earn us any favor with Him–especially when doing those things actually takes us away from performing God’s will, which is usually what ends up happening.

    Take Galatians, for instance. Jews came into the churches in Galatia and started trying to tell them they needed to be circumcised. That seems like a pretty zealous thing to do, right? As a man, I can’t think of anything more zealous than circumcision. But did Paul approve of their zeal? No. He told them that anyone who sought to be made right before God by the Law was cut off from Christ (an apt way of putting it, considering what was being discussed). He told them they were fallen from grace, Christ had become of no use to them, and they were putting themselves under an obligation to keep the ENTIRE law (Gal. 5:1-12).

    Interestingly enough, Paul says something very similar about the Sabbath, immediately after the Scriptures you quoted. He wrote:

    “Since you died with Christ to the elemental spiritual forces of this world, why, as though you still belonged to the world, do you submit to its rules: ‘Do not handle! Do not taste! Do not touch!’? These rules, which have to do with things that are all destined to perish with use, are based on merely human commands and teachings. Such regulations indeed have an appearance of wisdom, with their self-imposed worship, their false humility and their harsh treatment of the body, but they lack any value in restraining sensual indulgence.” (Col. 2:20-21)

    There are plenty of things God asks me to do. I’m commanded to feed the poor, clothe the naked, visit the widows and those in prison, and, most importantly, love my neighbor as much as I love myself. Those things deserve my entire energy and focus. Those are the things that I need to be thinking about and saying, “After all Christ did for me, is it too much for me to give to others?” That’s where my focus needs to be, not on arguing with other Christians about which day of the week to rest or go to church on.

    In Christ,
    – Josh S. (site admin)

  10. Peter

    Throughout the entire Bible (Genesis – Revelation), there is an ‘under-current’ message that was made quite clear in Exodus 20:8-10 –
    Remember to dedicate the Sabbath day: You are to labour six days
    and do all your work, but the seventh day is a Sabbath to the
    LORD your God.
    Knowing now (after a little research) that the weekdays were named by Greeks (with Roman influence) during 4BC, with the Roman’s having an 8 day/week cycle (called a ‘Nundinal’ Cycle). The seven day week was, however, eventually firmly established, by Emperor Constantine, prior to the first church Council of Nicaea meeting in AD321.

    So – how did Adam, Noah, Enoch, Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Moses, Joshua, David, Solomon, etc, etc, know which day of the week our Almighty Creator had set aside for the seventh day?

    I’d like to make it clear before I continue that, in no way should ANYTHING be worshipped apart from YHWH, our heavenly Father. It is quite clear though, that during creation, He did everything for a reason. It says in Psalm 104:19 that: He made the moon to mark the seasons; the sun knows when to set.

    Quoting some relevant info. from ‘Barnes’ Notes on the Bible’, he says;
    He appointed the moon for seasons – Genesis 1:14-18. That is,
    The moon, as well as the sun, is appointed to divide time;
    to determine its progress; to indicate the return of festival
    occasions, or appointed times to be observed in any manner.
    It is, in fact, the foundation of the division of the year into “months,”

    It’s quite easy to see/understand that originally a ‘month’ was actually a ‘moonth’ – from one new moon ’til the next, but the Romans (Emperor Julien) changed the dates and times, making a new calendar for everyone to follow, followed by Pope Gregory, who made yet more changes to it.

    Contained within the Bible are some references to ‘New Moons’ and of course Sabbaths, which did take a while for me to fully understand – please take note: 2 Kings 4:23 says –
    But he said, “Why go to him today? It’s neither New Moon or Sabbath.”
    She replied, “Everything is all right.”
    Earlier, in 1 Samuel, it becomes a little clearer that the New Moon was a special day, also linked to the following day 1 Samuel 20:5 says –
    So David told him, “Look, tomorrow is the New Moon, and I’m
    supposed to sit down and eat with the king. Instead, let me go,
    and I’ll hide in the field until the third night.
    Followed a few verses later with 1 Samuel 20:27
    However, the day after the New Moon, the second day, David’s
    place was [still] empty, and Saul asked his son Jonathan,
    “Why didn’t Jesse’s son come to the meal either yesterday or today?”

    Their does appear to be a link between New Moons & Sabbath & festivals, which somehow, over time, has been lost or forgotten about; this next reference – from 2 Chronicles 8:12-14 says –

    Public Worship Established at the Temple

    At that time Solomon offered burnt offerings to the LORD on the
    LORD’s altar he had made in front of the vestibule following the
    daily requirement for offerings according to the commandment of
    Moses for Sabbaths, New Moons, and the three annual appointed
    festivals: the Festival of Unleavened Bread, the Festival of Weeks,
    and the Festival of Booths.

    After the New (dark) Moon, there is the first slither of the moon visible – if this is counted as a Sabbath – count seven days on and the moon will be an exact half (another Sabbath), seven days from then it’ll be a full moon, followed seven days later by the waning half – then, seven days again and there’ll be another New Moon – spooky!

    Each seven day count may be a day out on rare occasions, depending on your location on planet earth, but it’s as though the regular cycle starts again after the new moon/first slither. This make even more sense of what Apostle Paul says, in Colossians 2:16-17 –
    Therefore don’t let anyone judge you in regard to food and drink
    or in the matter of a festival or a new moon or a sabbath day.
    These are a shadow of what was to come; the substance is the

    This seventh day, determined by the state of the moon, may not always be convenient to man’s routine way of life – but obeying His word does show dedication and devotion to Him. Having set it, after having used His creative
    power, as a rest day – a day to spend in wonder at His creative exploits, with Him, set aside for Him – is it really too much to ask?

    As the Bible does mention it throughout, I think it expects a little of us – to examine and see the truths that mankind could well have changed, in addition to his making the Sabbath, His Sabbath seem as if it has no importance……

    1. Joe CoWhick

      The best info that I have found on this subject is:

      I have been studying the calendar change about two years. I am a former Roman Catholic and former Seventh-day Adventist. I am greatful to have left Catholicism. Observing the Seventh-day Sabbath caused me to give up my golf career as a Head PGA Golf Professional at a nice country club and attempted to become a minister. The change in lifestyle was too great for my wife. She left me and took our two children back to our hometown. Because my testimony was very public (front page newspaper and a church magazine) and I have had to reverse some of my beliefs, I want to be correct in my beliefs. Matthew 5:18,19 are powerful verses to observe Shabbat.
      Recently a oneness pentecostal church moved next door to me. I found this website to help me “give an answer to every man for the hope that is within me”. I cannot deny my experience of being born again without speaking in tongues.

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